FRIDAY, Oct. 28, 2022 (HealthDay News) — From 1999 to 2018, barriers to timely medical care in the United States increased for all races and ethnicities, with disparities between groups also increasing, study finds published online October 28. 28″ JAMA Health Forum.
César Caraballo, MD, of Yale New Haven Hospital in Connecticut, and colleagues describe trends in racial and ethnic disparities in barriers to timely medical care in a cross-sectional study of 590,603 adults from 1999 to 2018. temporal disparities related to five barriers to timely medical care were assessed: inability to reach the phone, no appointment available early enough, long wait times, inconvenient office or clinic hours and lack of transportation.
Researchers found that the proportion reporting any of five barriers to timely medical care was 7.3, 6.9, 7.9, and 7.0 percent for Asian, Black, Hispanic/Latino, and White people. , respectively, in 1999. From 1999 to 2018, there was an increase in this proportion across all racial and ethnic groups (by 5.7, 8.0, 8.1, and 5.9 percentage points for Asian individuals , black, Hispanic/Latino, and white, respectively), leading to a slight increase in between-group disparities. In 2018, the proportion reporting a barrier was 2.1 and 3.1 percentage points higher among Blacks and Hispanics/Latinos, respectively, than among Whites.
“There is considerable scope to implement changes aimed at removing barriers to medical care and eliminating these racial and ethnic disparities,” the authors write.
Several authors disclosed financial ties to the health care industry.